What is FGM?


The following content includes illustrations of female anatomy. 


Definition

FGM stands for female genital mutilation.

Some people refer to FGM as female circumcision, initiation or Sunnah.

FGM is the removal of any part of the female genitalia for non-medical reasons.

It also involves stretching of the labia, piercing, pricking or cauterising.

It includes genital cosmetic surgery, tattooing or piercing when performed on a child.

It is a form of child abuse.


Type 1

When the clitoris or the clitoral hood is cut off.

  Image: reproduced with kind permission from the Royal College of Nursing.

Image: reproduced with kind permission from the Royal College of Nursing.


Type 2

When the clitoris and inner lips are cut off.

  Image: reproduced with kind permission from the Royal College of Nursing.

Image: reproduced with kind permission from the Royal College of Nursing.


Type 3

When the clitoris, inner lips and outer lips are cut and sewn together.

  Image: reproduced with kind permission from the Royal College of Nursing.

Image: reproduced with kind permission from the Royal College of Nursing.


Type 4

All other harmful practices including stretching, pricking, piercing, cutting, scraping and burning.

  Image: reproduced with kind permission from the Royal College of Nursing.

Image: reproduced with kind permission from the Royal College of Nursing.